Melakarta rāga A Melakarta rāga is one which has all seven notes in both the ārōhanam (ascending scale) and avarōhanam (descending scale) , swaras in the ārōhanam are in ascending scales S R G M P D N and swaras in the avarōhanam are in descending scale S N D P MG R and the same swaras in the ārōhanam and avarōhanam ----That is the sequence is strictly ascending and descending in the scales, without any jumps or zig-zag notes.The upper shadjam is included in the raga scale.The ascending and descending scales must have the same notes. Some Melakarta rāgas are Harikambhoji, Kalyani, Kharaharapriya, Mayamalavagowla, Sankarabharanam and Todi. Mēḷakarta is a collection of fundamental ragas (musical scales) in Carnatic music (South Indian classical music). Mēḷakarta ragas are parent ragas (hence known as janaka ragas) from which other ragas may be generated. A melakarta raga is sometimes referred as mela, karta or sampurna as well.